Susruta Ganas

Below are the groups of herbs with similar pharmacological properties as quoted by the Suśruta Samhita. Suśruta grouped these herbs together according to their actions and known value in for the Actions mentioned.

Please note that some of the herbs mentioned below have been lost or are no longer known and a substitutes with similar properties or what is thought the be the modern name of that herb has been added in brackets. Not all herbs are currently listed on the Wiki.

Adhibhagahara[edit]

Action:

Herbs with this Gana: Eranda, Jyotishmati, Nilini, Snuhi

Ambashtadi[edit]

Action: Useful in Pakwatisara. They cause Sandhana (union of bones etc), are beneficial in Pitta and heal the ulcers (Vrananam chapi Ropanou).

Herbs with this Gana: Ambashta (Machika), Dhataki, Samanga (Lajjalu), Katvanga (Araluka), Madhuka, Bilva, (Bala Bhilwagirah), Savararodhra (Lodhra), Palasa, Nandivriksha (Kasmari) and Padmakesaram.

Anjanadi[edit]

Action: Cures Raktapitta; it is beneficial in Visha (poisoning), and it allays internal burning sensation.

Herbs with this Gana: Anjana (Souviraanjanam), Rasanjanam, Nagapushpa (Nagakeshara), Priyangu, Neelotpala, Nalanda (Maamsee), Nalinakesara (Padmakesra) and Madhukam.

Aragvadhadi[edit]

Action: Checks Kapha and Poison; it is also useful in Prameha , Kushta (skin), Jwara (fever), Vami (vomiting), Kandu (itching) and it purifies Vrana (Dushta).

Herbs with this Gana: Aragvada, Madana, Gopaghonta (Karkoti), Kantaki (Vikamkata), Kutaja, Patha, Patala, Murva, Indrayava, Saptaparna, Nimba, Kurantaka, Dasikurantaka, Guduchi, Chitraka, Sarngeshta (Kakajangha), Karanja and Vitapakaranja, Patola, Kiratatiktaka and Sushavi (Karavella)

Arkadi[edit]

Action: Checks Kapha, Medas and Visha; it is helpful also in Krimi (parasites), Kushta (skin disorders) and is chiefly a purificator of Vranas (Viseshat Vrana Sodhanah).

Herbs with this Gana: Arka, Alarka (Sweta Arka), Karanja, Vitapakaranja, Nagadanti, Mayuraka (Apamarga), Bhargee, Rasna, Indrapushpee, Kshudra Sweta (Sephanda), Mahaswea, Vrischikale, Alavana (Jyotishmati), and Tapasa Vriksha (Induda).

Brihatyadi[edit]

Action: Is a digestive (Pachaniya); it checks Vata and Pitta. It is also beneficial in Arochaka (Anorexia) due to Kapha, Hridroga (heart disease), Mutrakrichra (Dysuria) and a kind of pain during urination.

Herbs with this Gana: Bruhati, Kantakari, Kutaja, Patha, and Madhukam (Yashtimadhu).

Dasamula[edit]

Action: Reduces Swasa (hard breathing), it checks Kapha, Pitta and Vayu; it digests Ama-Dosha and it is curative of all Jwaras (fevers).

Herbs with this Gana: Both Panchamoolas (i.e.) kaniya panchamoola and Maha Panchamoola mixed are called Dasamoola.

Eladi[edit]

Action: Checks Vata and Kapha and Visha (Poison); it creates luster of the skin (Varna prasada); it destroys itching (Kandu), Pidaka (Disease with elevated skin on account of an abscess etc) and Kotha (eruption on skin).

Herbs with this Gana: Ela, Tagara, Kustha, Mamsi, Dhyamaka (Kattrina), Twak, Patra (Patrakam), Nagapushpa (Nagakeshara), Priyangu, Harenuka, Vyaghranakha, Sukti, (Vyaghranakhabheda), Chandana, Sthouneyaka (Thuneraka), Sriveshtaka (Saraladruma), Chocha, Charaka, Valuka, Guggulu, Sarjarasa Turushka (Sihlaka), Kunduraka (Sallaki (Chopa), Agaru, Sprukka, Usira, Bhadradaru, Kunkumam and Punnagakesara.

Guduchyadi[edit]

Action: Checks all Jwaras (fevers and it increases appetite (Deepana). It allays’ Hrillaasa (nausea accompanied with hawking of mucous etc. from the mouth), Arochaka (Anorexia), Vami (Vomiting), thirst and burning sensation.

Herbs with this Gana: Guduchi, Nimba, Kustamburu (Dhanyakam), Chandana and Padmaka.

Haridradi[edit]

Action: Purify the breast-milk, act as amelioratives (Samana) in Ama atisara; they are especially digestive of the Doshas (Viseshat Doshapachanou).

Herbs with this Gana: Haridra, Daruharidra, Kalasi (Prisniparni), Kutaja and Yastimadhu

Kakolyadi[edit]

Action: Cures Pittasonita (Rakta vitiated by Pitta; or Pitta and Sonita) and Vayu. It is Jivana (increases vitality), Brimhana (promotes bodily growth), Vrishya (increases semen), and increases breast-milk and Kapha.

Herbs with this Gana: Kakoli, Kshirakakoli, Jivaka, Rishabhaka, Mudgaparni, Mashaparni, Meda, Mahameda, Chinnaruha (Guduchi), Karkatasringi, Tugakshiri (Vamsalochana), Padmaka, Prapundarika, Riddhi, Vriddhi, Mridweeka (Draksha), Jiwanti and Madhuka (yasti).

Kaniya Panchamula (Hraswa Panchamula)[edit]

Action: Is Kashaaya, Tikta and Madhura in Rasa (taste); it reduces Vata and ameliorates Pitta; it is Brimhana (tissue building) and increases strength (Balavardhanah).

Herbs with this Gana: Trikantaka (Gokshura), Bruhati, Kantakari, Prithakparni and Vidarigandha (Salaparni).

Kantaka panchamula[edit]

Action: Beneficial in Raktapitta and are useful in three kinds of Sopha (Ama, Pachyamana and Pakwa), Prameha and purify Sukra.

Herbs with this Gana: Karamanda, Trikantaka (Gokshura), Sairiyaka, Shatavari and Grindhranakhi.

Lakshadi[edit]

Action: Is Kashaya (astringent), bitter and sweet in taste; reduces ailments due to Kapha and Pitta; it is useful in Kushta and Krimi (worms); it also purifies Dushta vranas.

Herbs with this Gana: Laksha, Arevata (Kiramalaka), Kutaja, Aswamaraka (Karavira), Katphala, Haridra and Daruharidra, Nimba, Saptachchada, Malati and Trayamana.

Maha Panchamula (Brihat Panchamula)[edit]

Action: Is bitter (tikta), checks Kapha and Vata; it is Laghu in Paka; it promotes appetite and it is slightly sweet in Rasa (Taste).

Herbs with this Gana: Bilva, Agnimantha, Tuntuka (Syonaka), Patala (Gambhar) and Kasmari.

Mushakakadi[edit]

Action: Reduces Medas and is useful in Sukradosha (impurity of Semen); it also acts as a curative in Prameha, Arsas, Panduroga and Sarkara.

Herbs with this Gana: Agnimantha, Mushkaka (Ksharavriksha), Palasa (Kinsuka), Dhava, Chitraka, Madana, Vrikshaka (Kutaja), Simsapa, Vajravriksha and Triphala (Haritaki, Bibhitaki and Amalaki).

Mustadi[edit]

Action: Reduces Kapha; it also cures Yonidosha and purifies breast-milk; it is digestive (Pachana).

Herbs with this Gana: Mustaka, Haridra, Daruharidra, Haritaki, Amalaki, Bibhitaki, Kushta, Haimavaie (Vacha), Patha, Katurohini (katuka), Sarngeshta (Yavatikti), Ativisha, Dravide (Ela), Bhallataka and Chitraka.

Nyagrodhadi[edit]

Action: Is beneficial in the treatment of Vranas (Vranyah); it is astringent (Sangrahi); it is useful in fractures (Bhagna Sadhaka). Further, it allays Raktapitta (Haemorrhage) and daha (burning sensation); it reduces Medas (obesity) and it is useful in Yonidosha (Yonivvapat).

Herbs with this Gana: Nyagrodha (Vata), Udumbara, Aswaththa, Plaksha, Madhuka, Kapithana (Amrataka), Kakubha (Arjuna), Amra, Kosamra, Chorakapatra (Lakshavriksha), Jambudwaya (Rajajambu and Kakajambu – Swalpaphala), Piyala (Saradruma), Madhuka (Gudapushpa), Rohini (Katphala), Vanjula (Vetasa), Kadamba, Badari, Tinduki (Tinduka Vriksha), Sallaki, Lodhra, Savararodhra, Bhallataka, Palasa and Nandivriksha.

Parushakadi[edit]

Action: Cures Vata and disordered urine; it is pleasant to take (Hridya); it allays thirst and creates appetite.

Herbs with this Gana: Parusha, Draksha, Katphala, Dadima, Rajadana (Kshirika), Katakaphala and Sakaphalas (fruits of a tree named Saka). (Fruits of all the above herbs should be used). Amalaki

Patoladi[edit]

Action: Cures Pitta, Kapha and Arochaka (anorexia); it allays Jwara; it is beneficial in Vranas, and cures vomiting, itching and Visha (poison).

Herbs with this Gana: Patola, Chandana, Kuchandana, (Raktachandana), Murva, Guduchi, Patha and Katurohini (Katuka).

Pippalyadi[edit]

Action: Reduces Kapha Dosha, cold (Pratisyaya), Vata, anorexia, Gulma and pain (Soola); it creates appetite (deepana) and digests (resolves) AmaDosha (Ama Pachana).

Herbs with this Gana: [[Pippali[[, Pippalimula, Chavya, Chitraka, Sringabera (Shunti), Maricha, Hastipippali (Gajapippali), Harenuka, Ela, Ajamoda, Indrayava, Pathaa, Jiraka, Sarshapa, Mahanimbaphala, Hingu, Bharngi, Madhursaa (Mura), Ativisha, Vacha, Vidanga, and Katurohin (Katuka), Kutaja

Priyangvadi[edit]

Action: Useful in Pakwatisara. They cause Sandhana (union of bones etc), are beneficial in Pitta and heal the ulcers (Vrananam chapi Ropanou).

Herbs with this Gana: Priyangu, Samanga (Anjali-Karika or Lajjalu), Dhatakei Punnaga (Tunga), Nagapushpa (Nagakeshara), Chandana, Kuchandana, Mocharasa (Salmali chupa), Rasanjana Kumbhika, Srotonjana, Padmakesara, Yojanavalli (Manjistha) and Dirghamula (Duralabha).

Rodhradi[edit]

Action: Lessens Medas and Kapha; it is curative of Yoni Dosha (disorders of Yoni); it is astringent (Stambhi), develops complexion (Varnya), and mitigates the poisons (Vishavinaasana).

Herbs with this Gana: Rodhra, Savaralodhra, Palasa, Kutannata, Ashoka, Phanji (Bharnge), Katphala, Elavalukam, Sallaki, Jinginee, Kadamba, Sala and Kadali.

Salasaradi[edit]

Action: This gana is very helpful in Kushta. It also acts as a curative in Prameha, Pandu (anaemia) and lessens Kapha and Medas.

Herbs with this Gana: Salasara, Ajakarna (Sarja), Khadira, Kadara (Swetasara), Kalaskandha, Kramuka (Puga), Bhurja, Meshasringa (Karkatasringi), Tinisa (Syandana), Chandana, Kuchandana, Simsapa, Sirisha, Asana (Bijaka). Dhava (Sakata), Arjuna (Kakubha), Tala, Saka, Naktamala, Putika, Aswakarna, Agaru and Kaliyakam (Malendri chandanam).

Sarivadi[edit]

Action: Allays thirst and Raktapitta. It is beneficial in Pittajwara and cures Daha (burning sensation) especially.

Herbs with this Gana: Sariva, Madhuka (Yashtimadhu), Chandana, Kuchandana (Raktachandana), Padmaka, Kasmariphala (Gambhari), Madhukapushpa and Ushira.

Shyamadi[edit]

Action: Checks Gulma and Visha (poison), Aanaha (distension of abdomen), Udara, and Udavarta; it causes free evacuation of the bowels.

Herbs with this Gana: Syama (Sweta Trivrut), Mahasyama (Vriddhadaraka), Trivrut (having red root), Danti, Sankhini (Yavatiktabhedah), Tilvaka (Rodhra), Kampillaka (Rochanikaa), Ramyaka (Mahanimba), Kramuka, Putrasrence, Gavakshee, Aragvadha, Karanja, Vitapakaranja, Guduchi, Saptala (Snuhibheda), Chagalantree (Vriddhadarakabheda), Sudhaa (Sehunda) and Suvarnaksheeri.

Surasadi[edit]

Action: Checks Kapha and destroys Krimis (Parasites); it is also useful in cold, loss of appetite, hard breathing and cough; it purifies (Dushta) Vrana.

Herbs with this Gana: Surasa (Krishna Tulasi), Sweta Surasa (Sweta Tulasi), Phanijjaka (Maruvaka), Arjaka (Swetakutheraka), Bhusthrina (Angudaka), Sugandhaka (Dronapushpa), Sumukha (Rajika), Kalamala (Krishnamallika), Kasamarda, Kshavaka (‘Chinkine’), Kharapushpa (Kshavakabhedah), Vidanga, Katphala, Surasi (‘Bilwanasi’), Nirgundi, Kulahala (Mundika), Undurukarnika (mushika Karnika), Phanji (Bhargi), Prachibala (Matsyakshaka), Kakamachi, and Vishnumustika.

Trapvadi[edit]

Action: Is useful in gara (poisoning usually through food), worms (Krimi), thirst, Visha, Hridroga Pandu and Prameha.

Herbs with this Gana: Trapu (Vangam-Tin), Seesa (Lead), Tamra (Copper) Rata (Silver), Krishna Loha (Steel), Suvarna (Gold), and Lohamala (Mandooram).

Trikatu[edit]

Action: This is also called Tryushanam and Vyosha. It reduces Kapha and Medas and is useful in Pramea, Kushta, Twagamaya (Skin diseases); it creates appetite; it is useful in Gulma, Peenasa and Agnyalpataa (Poor digestion).

Herbs with this Gana: Pippali, Maricha and Sringabera (Sunthi).

Trina panchamula[edit]

Action: Cures disorders of urine (Mutra Dosha), and Raktapitta when it is used especially with milk.

Herbs with this Gana: Kusa, Kasa, Nala, Darba and[ Kandekshuka

Triphala[edit]

Action: Reduces Kapha and Pitta; it is useful in Prameha, Kushta. It is beneficial to eyes; it creates appetite and is useful in Vishamajwara

Herbs with this Gana: Haritaki, Amalaki and Bibhitaki

Ushakadi[edit]

Action: Allays Kapha and diminishes Medas; it acts as curative in Asmari (stone), Sarkara (sand in urine), Mutrakrichchra and Gulma.

Herbs with this Gana: Ushaka (Ksharamrittika), Saindhavalavana, Silajathu, Kasisadwaya (Valukasisam and Pushpukasisam), Hingu and Tuththtaka

Utpaladi[edit]

Action: Allays Daha (burning sensation), Pitta and Rakta, thirst, Visha (poisoning), Hridroga, Chardi (Vomiting) and Murcha (Syncope).

Herbs with this Gana: Utpala (Nolotpala), Raktotpala, Kumuda (Swetotpala) Sougandhika (a Sweet-scented blue lily different from Nilotphala), Kuvalaya, (Utpala having blue-white colour), Pundarika (White lotus) and Madhukam (Yashtimadhu)

Vachadi[edit]

Action: Purify the breast-milk, act as amelioratives (Samana) in Ama atisara; they are especially digestive of the Doshas (Viseshat Doshapachana).

Herbs with this Gana: Vacha, Musta, Ativisha, Abhaya, Bhadradaru, and Nagakesara, Vachadigana

Valli Panchmula[edit]

Action: Beneficial in Raktapitta and are useful in three kinds of Sopha (Aama, Pachyamana and Pakwa), Prameha and purify Sukra.

Herbs with this Gana: Vidare, Sariba, Rajani (Haridra), Guduchi, and Ajasringi

Varunadi[edit]

Action: Checks Kapha and Medas; it is also useful in headache, Gulma, and Abhyantara vidradhi (internal abscess).

Herbs with this Gana: Varuna, Artagala (Kakubha), Sigru, Madhu Sigru, Tarkari, Mesha Sringi (Karkatasringi), Putika (Chirabilva), Naktamala (Brihat Karanja), Morata (Ankolapushpa), Agnimantha, two kinds of Saireyaka of red and blue flowers), Bimbi, Vasuka (Buka), Vasira (Markatapippali), Chitraka, Shatavari, Bilva, Ajasringi (Chagalavishanika), Darbha (Kusa), Brihati and Kantakari

Vatasanshamana[edit]

Action:

Herbs with this Gana: Agnimantha, Bala, Devadara, Eranda, Kapikacchu, Karpasa

Vidarigandhadi[edit]

Action: Counteracts Vata and Pitta; it is useful in Sosha (emaciation), Gulma (tumour), Angamarda (bodily soreness), Urdhwasvasa (a kind of Swasa) and kasa (cough).

Herbs with this Gana: Vidarigandha (Salparni), Vodari, Viswadeva (Gangaruki), Sahadeva (a variety of Bala), Svadanshtra (Gokshura), Prithakparni (Prisniparni), Shatavari, Sariba, Krishna Sariba, Jivaka and Rishabhaka, Mahasa ha (Mashaparni), Kshudrasaha (Mudgaparne), Brihati, Kantakari, Punarnava, Eranda, Hamsapadi, Vrischikali and Rishabhi.

Viratarvadi[edit]

Action:

Herbs with this Gana: Virataru (Savara), two kinds of Sahachara, Darbha, Vrikshadani, Gundra (Padaraka bhedah), Nala, Kusa, Kasa, Asmabhedaka (Pashmanabhedha), Agnimantha, Morata (Ankollapushpa), Vasuka, Vasira, Bhalluka, Kurantaka, Indivara, Kapotavanka, and Svadanshtra (Gokshura).