Sanskrit Names: Bhringaraja English Name: False Daisy, Marsh Daisy Hindu Name: Bhangra Botanical Name: Eclipta alba Synonyms: Kesharanjana Family: Asteraceae
Annual, erect or prostrate herb, rooting at the noles. leaves – sessile, 2.5-7.5 cm long, variable in breadth, oblong, - Ianceolate, subentire, acute or subacute, strigose. Flowers- in heads 6-8mm in diameter,solitary or two on unequal axillary peduncles. Involucrol bracts about 8. Ray-flowers ligulate, white. Disk flowers tubular, corolla 4 toothed. Fruit – achene, cunate, compressed and with a narrow wing.
It is widely distributed throughout India, China, Thailand, and Brazil.
== Principle Constituents ==
Plate from book Flora de Filipinas.
Classical Categories (Gana)
- Rasa (taste): Katu (pungent), Tikta (bitter)
- Guna (quality): Ruksha (dry), Lague (light)
- Virya (energy): Usna (heating)
- Vipaka (post digestive effect): Katu (pungent)
- Prabhava (Special quality): none
- Dosha Effect: KV-
- Dhatus (tissues): Rasa, Rakta, Asti. Majja. Sukra
- Srotas (channels): Rasavaha, Majjavaha, Annavaha, Raktavaha, Mutravaha, Sukravaha
- Resins in high quantity, alkaloid ecliptine. Leaves: leucine, isoeucine, valline, phenylbalmine, methionine, glycine, glutamine, glutamic acid, rich in proteins.
- Deepana - kindles digestion
- Dantya - good for teeth
- Keshya - One of the best hair tonics
- Katu tonic - pungent tonic
- Kustaghna - destroys skin diseases
- Medya - promoted the intelligence
- Pachana - digests ama
- Panfughna - reduces anemia
- Rakta prasadaka - builds good quality blood
- Rasayana - rejuvenative
- vatchya - skin disorders
- Yakrituttejaka - liver regulator
- The leaf extract is considered a powerful liver tonic, rejuvenative, and especially good for the hair.
- Glandular swellings, Filariasi, vrana – wounds, skin pigmentation, conjunctivitis, headache, migraine, hepatitis, hepatosplenomegaly, Swasa (asthma), great blood purifier, oedema, anaemia, vajijara (aphrodisiac), Medya (nerve) tonic.
- One of the most favourite green drugs used in Southern India for jaundice. In certain varieties of jaundice it has a remarkable effect. In low fevers attended with anaemia or Pandu, the pill with pepper has produced very good results. In cases where digestion is very poor, preparation with butter milk is to be preferred. As a hair-dye and as cooling to the brain after bath, the oil is used throughout the country and enjoys a great reputation.
- It is mainly used to promote hair growth and as a hair dye. Used as a paste it is applied over filariasis, glands, wounds and chronic ulcers to help reduce swelling, alleviate pain. It helps to cleanse and heal wounds. Drops of it's juice are put into the eye and ear and applied over the head to relieve headache. Juice over scalp turns grey hair to black.
- Central Nevous system: It has a Vata reducing action being very good for reducing vata disorders such as headaches and vertigo.
- Circulatory system: Is a blood purifier, increasing blood volume, reduces blood pressure and oedema. Useful in Oedema, hypertension and blood disorders.
- Digestive system: Is a great appetizer, digestant and liver stimulant. Its main action is on the liver and spleen, especially good for reducing enlargements of each. Improves bilious flow. It reduces mucous in the stool and foetid smell.
- Eyes: It has been used in night blindness and myopia to improve vision.
- Respiratory system: Good for coughs and asthma
- Reproductive system: The seeds are useful in virilisation.
- Skin: Useful in skin disorders and enhances complextion.
- Urinary system: It acts as a diuretic by alleviating kapha and meda. Helps to reduce burning micturation. Mixture of the roots and leaves plus ajamoda are useful in all urinary disorders.
- Any signs of cold in the digestive system.
- No drug-herb interactions are known.
- Parts used: Entire plant, seeds.
- Dosage: Juice: 6-12 ml; Seeds: 05. 6o 1.5 gm
- Bringaraja taila, Shadbinu taila, Bhringarajadi churna